|Important Safety Information|
|Always wear protective glasses when working around batteries!|
|Batteries produce explosive gases. Keep sparks, flames and cigarettes away from batteries at all times. Protect your eyes at all times. Never lean over battery when jump starting or performing other maintenance.
Be careful of the sulfuric acid in the battery. It can burn eyes, clothing and damage paint and electronic equipment. FLUSH EYES IMMEDIATELY WITH LARGE QUANTITIES OF COOL WATER. GET MEDICAL HELP FAST.
|How to Safely Jumpstart Your Vehicle|
|When jump starting, always wear proper eye protection and never lean over battery. Do not jump start a damaged battery, inspect both batteries before connecting booster cable. Be sure vent caps are tight and level, place a damp cloth over the vent caps of both batteries. Make certain that the vehicles are not touching and both ignition switches are turned to the "OFF" position:|
|The Importance of Having Your Battery Tested on a Regular Basis|
|A battery's condition and performance deteriorates with age, particularly when used under severe service conditions. The average life of an automotive battery in Canada is 4.5 to 5 years.|
Contrary to popular belief, it's excess heat, rather than cold, that damages batteries. Hot summer days and high under hood operating temperatures both contribute to eventual battery failure.
Although it's heat that damages batteries, cold temperatures limit the amount of power a battery can generate. That's why the colder the temperature, the harder it can be to start your vehicle. On a marginal battery, even a small drop in temperature could easily cause the battery to fail and leave you stranded in a potentially dangerous situation. Therefore, it is important to have your battery tested regularly, and especially during your pre-winter service before the cold weather begins. Peterborough Battery can quickly perform a complete electrical system check, which includes the battery, and give you a complete report on your battery's state of health.
It is important to compare the battery's actual CCA (cold cranking amps) with the public rated CCA printed on the battery. Once the actual CCA falls below the public rated CCA, it's time to consider a battery replacement.
|Choosing the Right Battery for the Right Application|
Function of an SLI (Starting, Lighting, Ignition) Battery
|Function of a Deep Cycle/Dual Purpose Battery|
In some applications, the battery could perform two functions:
Cycling batteries, on the other hand, have been specially engineered to withstand the harsh environment created through continuous long, deep discharges and long, slow recharges. Peterborough Battery's cycling batteries contain thicker plates and the higher density paste is different. The separators are made of fibreglass matting and the glass fibres embed themselves into surface of the plate to act as reinforcement against plate shedding, which helps maximize battery life. So in a true cycling application, Peterborough Battery's cycling batteries will last longer and provide much better performance than ordinary starting batteries, regardless of brand or power rating.
Peterborough Battery's dual purpose batteries provide a combination of starting and cycling power - the best of both worlds. They are constructed very similarly to a true deep cycle battery, yet also have a high enough CCA rating for ample starting power. Thus they are ideal in RV and some marine applications.
|Maximizing Battery Cycle Life|
The life of a deep cycle battery will be determined not only by the number of cycles (a discharge and a recharge) it receives, but also by the depth (amount of power removed) of each cycle. A deep discharge does more damage to the plate.
To obtain maximum service life, a deep cycle battery should be fully charged every day it is used even if it is only discharged 25%. Do not completely discharge any deep cycle battery if it can be avoided. As noted above, the deeper the discharge, the less life you will obtain from your battery.
|Battery Service Tips|
While Peterborough Battery's starting batteries are maintenance-free in that you never need to add water, there are a few things you can do to ensure your battery continues to operate at peak efficiency and provides you with the maximum service life possible. These service tips also apply to Peterborough Battery's deep cycle and dual purpose batteries.
Always wear safety glasses when working around batteries. Batteries can explode. Protect your eyes!
Always leave filler caps in place, tight and secure to reduce the risk of battery explosion and serious injury! Always wear safety glasses when working around batteries. Batteries can explode! Protect your eyes. Do not charge batteries without proper instruction.
Batteries should be charged if hydrometer reading is below 1.225 specific gravity, or open circuit voltage is below 12.4 volts, or if a load test is below 9.6 volts.
The following chart gives you the state of charge at various specific gravities (specific gravity measures the concentration level of the acid in the acid/water solution), corrected to 80°F. (26.7°C).
Percent of Charge Specific Gravity
To fully recharge a battery, you must replace the ampere-hours removed from it plus an extra 20% charge. This is because a lead acid battery is not 100% efficient on recharging. Do not charge your battery beyond the fully charged state as this also shortens the service life.
Never allow the fluid level in your battery to drop below the tops of the plates because the exposed portion of the plate will become permanently inactive due to sulfation. Check your fluid levels before charging and add distilled water to just above the level of the plates. After the battery is near full charge, recheck the levels and top up to just below the bottom of the filler tube. Over filling before charging will result in an overflow of electrolyte due to expansion.
Use a charger that has a voltage regulated charge rate to avoid excessive terminal voltage while on charge. If your battery is a sealed type, the charging method is critical to battery life so check with your Peterborough Battery battery specialist for advice.
Carefully read and follow the instructions that came with the charger to avoid serious injury, property damage and/or battery damage.
Unplug the charger before connecting or disconnecting a battery to avoid dangerous sparks which can cause a battery to explode.
Do not leave a battery on charge for more than 48 hours to avoid damaging the battery by over-charging. If gassing or spewing of electrolyte occurs, or the battery case feels hot, reduce or temporarily halt charging to avoid damaging the battery.
Stop the charge when two hydrometer or voltage readings recorded two hours apart indicate no increase. Further charging would be useless and may damage the battery and shorten its life. If the battery won't come up to full charge, replace it.
NEVER attempt to charge a frozen battery. To avoid explosion and serious injury, allow it to warm to 60°F (16°C) before charging.
NEVER leave a battery on a trickle charger longer than 48 hours. Serious damage to the battery WILL occur.
NOTE: Above charging times are approximate and depend upon battery condition,
age and design, the efficiency of the charger, line voltage and other factors.
|Off Season Storage|
Batteries that are not in use during the off-season must be cared for as follows to extend battery life and reliability: